updated January 2019
My grandfather Wallace Paul Cowan (1903-1988) left lots of photos of his Hinson side of the family. His mother Myrtle Bertie Hinson (1879-1971) had seven siblings who lived to adulthood, and I have photos of most of them and their children. I’ll be doing a post on each of them. I shared earlier about Dock Newton Hinson, and soon will share information about his father, Bertie’s brother Thomas Mack Hinson (1872-1945).
Today, I’ll tell you about Grandpa’s uncle Lin Walter Hinson (1885-1952) and his military service. In my next post, I’ll tell you about his rowdy behavior, including a newspaper article about him with the headline “Send Him Away.”
Lin is the son of Isaac Newton Hinson (1849-1925) and Louisa “Cumi” Harp (1852-1918). You can read about their family here. The 1910, 1920 and 1940 US Census lists his birthplace as Arkansas, but his obituary (Springdale News, October 20, 1952) says he was born in Wichita Falls, Texas. (This obituary misnames his mother as Nancy Harp Hinson, and misspells his name as Lynn.) His World War II Draft Registration Card also lists his birthplace as Wichita Falls, Texas. I suspect something took the family to Wichita Falls, Texas at the time of Lin’s birth, but all his siblings were born in Arkansas.
Lin married three times but had no children. On September 18, 1909 he married Annie Gramling (1888-1941) in Benton County, Arkansas. They were counted twice in the 1910 US Census, first living with Lin’s parents, two sisters including my Great Grandmother, and my grandfather on April 21 in Springdale. On May 2 they were recorded living alone, in Springdale. By the 1920 US Census, Lin and Annie had divorced and Annie lived with her father. A lot happened during that decade – rowdiness and military service – and we will talk about that. Also, Lin’s mother Cumi died in 1918, and his sister Vernie died in 1920.
The military photos I have of Lin are marked on the back in my grandfather’s handwriting saying he is in Mexico, and the dates are a bit off. He did serve in Company A of the Arkansas National Guard and went to Deming, New Mexico (Springdale News 1916: May 19, June 30, July 29, September 15) but not Mexico. From Wikipedia, I learned that the 142nd Field Artillery Regiment served in The Mexican Expedition, against the paramilitary forces of Francisco “Pancho” Villa:
In July 1916, the entire Arkansas National Guard was mobilized for federal service on the Mexican border. Arkansas units began to assemble immediately at Fort Roots, near Little Rock. Of the 2,078 Guardsmen that answered the call, only 1,208 passed the new physical standards for entry into federal service. The Arkansas troops received orders on 29 June to move to Deming, New Mexico in order to replace regular troops joining the actual expedition into Mexico and prepare if Mexico reacted to the incursion. The Arkansas troops were not engaged in Mexico and returned to Little Rock in February, mustering out of service 19–24 February at Fort Logan H. Roots. This mobilization of the National Guard along the Mexican border was the training ground for many future leaders of the Arkansas National Guard. Many of the officers who led Arkansas National Guard units in the early years of World War I and World War II began their service on the Mexican border.
Linn’s obituary (Springdale News, October 20, 1952) says that he served with the 142nd Field Artillery in France in World War I. From the Arkansas National Guard Museum website:
142nd Field Artillery Regiment (originally the 2nd Infantry) was delayed by training as it converted from infantry to artillery. It sailed for France August 31st and arrived September 7th. The 142nd was certified for combat November 8th, 1918 and the armistice was signed on the 11th, preventing the 142nd from participating in combat.
Before he served the United States on the border with Mexico and in France, he was a wild young man living in Springdale, Arkansas. In my next post we’ll talk about his rowdy life before his military service, and his life after it.